"Mono" or Infectious Mononucleosis is a transient infection characterised by fevers, tonsillar pharyngitis (sore throat
), and lymphadenopathy (enlarged lumps, or lymph nodes, most commonly in the neck). The infection is caused by a virus called the Epstein-Barr virus. So while they're not the synonymous, they are related. Epstein Barr virus causes Infectious mononucleosis.
Infectious mononucleosis mostly affects teenagers and young adults, however all age groups can get it. Epstein Barr virus is mainly spreads through passage of saliva. So sharing cups or kissing a partner who has an infection may predispose for infection. However, the virus itself is not particularly contagious.
Infectious mononucleosis is generally treated with supportive measures which include similar remedies used to control the symtoms of a common cold. Tylenol or NSAIDs are recommended for sore throat and fevers. Adequate hydration with oral fluids is recommended as well. Dextrometorphan can be taken for cough.
Other than symptomatic control and supportive measures. Your own immune system generally does a good job fighting the infection and overcoming it. Since infectious mononucleosis is a viral (Epstein Barr virus) infection, antibiotics are of no use in its treatment. Anti-viral medications, such as Acyclovir are also generally not needed as they have not been shown to have any benefit in speeding up recovery.
Please speak to your doctor
, who will be able to give you more information about Infectious mononucleosis and the virus that causes it -- Epstein Barr.