ZocdocAnswersShould whiteheads be popped?

Question

Should whiteheads be popped?

I get tiny whiteheads on my back and shoulders, and I've always popped them. It seems to help them heal faster, and it usually doesn't hurt at all. But I've read that popping whiteheads can lead to infection. Is that true, or is it just an old wives' tale? Should I stop popping them?

Answer

First let me say a little about what scientists believe causes acne and then I'll write about why "popping" whiteheads may not be a great idea. Scientists believe that there are four major factors that lead to acne: 1) increased production of a protein on the skin which leads plugging of follicles and the creation of "whiteheads;" 2) increased production of an oily substance called sebum that helps to plug the follicles; 3) breakage of the whiteheads which causes inflammation of the skin; 4) and finally a bacteria called p. acnes that lives on the skin and helps to worsen the inflammation. "Popping" pimples can just make things worse by increasing the amount of inflammation and slowing down the healing process. By breaking open the pimple the increased inflammation can also lead to scarring, which can cause much more long-lasting skin blemishes. Also, by breaking the skin you can create a point of entry for the bacteria that lives on the skin to get deeper into your tissue and cause worse infection or scarring. Many of the treatments for acne are designed to both decrease the amount of inflammation and the amount of p. acnes that is present on the skin. Using one of these treatments is a better way to control acne than popping the whiteheads. You should talk with your primary care doctor or a dermatologist about different options. Good luck!

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