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Why does my head hurt if i do not get good sleep?

I am a female, eighteen year old college student. When I do not get a full night of sleep, my head pounds the whole day. Why does this happen? Is there a type of diet that would help relieve my headaches after a bad night of sleep?
It sounds like sleep deprivation is one of your triggers to developing a headache. The most common two types of headaches that are associated with sleep deprivation are migraine headaches and tension headaches. Tension headaches begin in the back of the neck and move over the top to the front. A migraine headache often starts off with a prodrome of nausea or flashing lights and becomes a throbbing headache that usually stays on one side of the head. Based on your description, a migraine headache is most likely. There are various different triggers, but not getting enough sleep is definitely a common one. There probably won't be a diet that helps especially since you associate the headaches with sleep. The best thing will be for you to make sure you get enough sleep every night. I suggest that you schedule an appointment with your primary care physician. He or she can gather more detailed information about your headaches and perform a focused neurological exam. Your doctor may determine that you are having migraines. If this is the case then you may need medication specific for them. If you are having more than just a few per month, then you may warrant medication taken daily to prevent the from coming on. In addition, you will always benefit from getting enough sleep every night.
This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Medical professionals who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Zocdoc’s Terms of Service.

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