Endometriosis is a condition in which the cells that are normally contained within the lining of the uterus are found outside of the uterus. Most commonly, these cells implant
on the ovaries, but they can also be found anywhere in the abdominal cavity and rarely even in the lungs. The most common symptom that affects women with endometriosis is pain, at least to some degree, although the amount and location of the pain can vary a great deal from person to person. The pain may be related to the menstrual cycle or may become chronic; there may also be pain related to intercourse, with urination or with defecation. Other symptoms can be specific to where the uterine cells have implanted, such as bleeding
within an ovarian cyst or causing adhesions between the bowels. Many women with endometriosis also struggle with infertility, which occurs through a variety of mechanisms, including changes to the microscopic environment of the uterine lining. This problem often leads to surgery, which is the gold standard in making the diagnosis of endometriosis (allowing visualization of the actual implants outside of the uterus).
If you are having bad menstrual cramps, you should talk to your primary care doctor
or gynecologist about your symptoms. You should be able to help regulate your cycle or come up with a reasonable treatment plan for your pain.