Zocdoc Answers

Medical questions & health advice by board certified doctors

"Why does my gums bleed for no apparent reason?"

ZocdocAnswersWhy does my gums bleed for no apparent reason?


I am a 24 year young, caucasian desent, mother of two with an oral issue. I have gotten quite use to my gums bleeding while brushing my teeth. I have purchased soft brittle tooth brushes, sensitive toothpaste, everthing imaginable and still have a bloody sink after brushing. However, I do not understand why my gums will bleed daily for no apparent reason.


Your bleeding gums when you brush your teeth may be a sign of gum disease or a sign of something more global like a bleeding disorder. In most people, bleeding gums happen when we brush too hard. This does not seem to be the case since you have had similar problems with different tooth brushes. You may have gum disease such as gingivitis (also known as inflammation of the gums). Another possibility is that you have a problem with your blood clotting. Problems with blood clotting can be due to a genetic issue such as hemophilia, a deficiency and vitamin K, or a decrease in the number of blood platelets. There are other, more rare causes such as leukemia, but often present with other symptoms other than gum bleeding. I suggest that you schedule an appointment initially with a dentist. You can have your teeth and gums examined and cleaned. If you have gum disease such as gingivitis, then this may be the cause of your bleeding. If you do not have any gum disease, then you should schedule an appointment with your primary care physician. He or she can order various blood tests which can look for reasons why are are susceptible to bleeding. This will include looking at your coagulation tests and looking at you platelet levels.

Need more info?

See a dentist today

Zocdoc Answers is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Medical professionals who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Zocdoc’s Terms of Service.