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What causes achilles tendons to feel strained and pulled tight?

I am a 41 year old single woman who is overweight and working at losing weight. Part of my exercise routine involves walking and going up and down staircases. I have noticed my achilles tendon has been feeling very tight lately, and it is painful to walk for several days after my workouts. What causes this straining, and what can I do to relieve the pain?
Congratulations on starting a regular exercise regimen and working at maintaining a healthy weight. This is one of the very best decisions you can make for your health. Cardiovascular activity like walking and going up stairs (more challenging than walking on a flat surface and a great way to add more difficulty to your workout) are a great start. The symptoms you describe of tightness in your Achilles tendon are likely coming from the added work that your calf muscle are doing while going up stairs. When your muscles contract--as they do when you are using them--they get shorter. In the case of your calf muscles, this places an extra 'pull' on your Achilles tendon which is what anchors your calf muscle to the bones at the back of your ankle. In order to avoid muscles strains or sprains or pain after your workouts, stretching is an important part of any fitness regimen. If you have not been stretching regularly, this would definitely be a good thing to add to your routine. A personal trainer may be able to give you some good pointers in person. In addition, when it comes to the calf muscles, the shoes you were are work may also contribute. Wearing heels causes the calf muscles to shorten which may further exacerbate the 'stretch' you feel after climbing stairs. Adding some daily stretching should help take care of this and let you achieve your weight loss goals.
This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Medical professionals who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under ZocDoc’s Terms of Service.

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