(NHL for short) is a diagnosis of lymphoma that simply designated as not Hodgkin's disease. Thus, NHL is not a specific diagnosis at all. There are many different types of NHL and each carry a different treatment strategy and prognosis. All types of NHL are considered forms of cancer. I will discuss some of the more common types of NHL.
1. Follicular Lymphoma - this is a common type of NHL that is very slow growing. Treatment is often just observation with no chemotherapy
. While it is slow growing, it is also very tough to cure.
2. Diffuse large B cell Lymphoma - This is another very common type of NHL. It is faster growing and requires chemotherapy for treatment. The prognosis can be good, and a cure of the disease is possible.
3. Burkitt's Lymphoma - This is a type of lymphoma that is different depending on what part of the world you live in. In the United States, it is an aggressive lymphoma that requires chemotherapy, but has a great response rate and can be cured.
I hope this information helps. Because there are many different subtypes of NHL, your brother will need to schedule an appointment with his hematologist/oncologist to discuss his treatment options and what he can expect going forward.