Medical questions & health advice by board certified doctors
"Can someone in a prediabetic state lower their blood sugar?"
Am I doomed to get diabetes no matter what?
You may not be "doomed" to get diabetes if you are able to improve your health now. You should speak with your primary care physician regarding your overall health and steps you can take to optimize your glucose levels. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a condition in which glucose is not metabolized correctly and results in hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). Type 2 DM is the most common form of diabetes and is due to a combination of both insulin deficiency and insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone that is made and secreted by pancreatic beta cells and is essential in the metabolism of glucose. Without insulin, glucose cannot be used by the body and builds up in the blood, thus leading to high blood sugar levels. Type 2 DM is highly related to excess weight and obesity. Obesity itself causes increased insulin resistance (meaning your body needs more insulin to have the same effect on blood glucose). Having a sedentary lifestyle with minimal exercise and unbalanced diet can hasten the progression to diabetes. Exercise actually improves insulin resistance. If you are able to improve your diet, increase exercise, and decrease obesity, you can likely improve your blood glucose level. However, it is important to keep in mind that while improving overall health and decreasing obesity is important, there is still a genetic component to DM and you may not be able to completely avoid it. You should speak to your primary care physician regarding your overall health, other tips to improve your blood sugar level, and other possible risk factors for DM.
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