ZocdocAnswersDoes type 1 diabetes require constant monitoring?

Question

Does type 1 diabetes require constant monitoring?

How is my kid supposed to monitor his blood levels at school if it turns out he has it?

Answer

Type 1 Diabetes is a common medical condition that requires a significant amount of monitoring and attention. It is a significant diagnosis that can fundamentally change the patient's life. Fortunately, there are many good treatments and monitoring techniques available. Given the magnitude of the diagnosis, I would recommend having a thorough discussion with your child's pediatrician and potentially an endocrinologist (diabetes specialist) for more information. Diabetes Mellitus or Diabetes is a condition where the body cannot process sugar properly. In Type 1, the body does not make insulin -- the factor needed to put the sugar from the blood into the muscles where it can be used for energy. As such, patients need to inject insulin to allow the body to use the sugar. Monitoring is required to make sure the right amount of insulin is given as either too high or too low blood sugars can cause problems. Monitoring depends on how stable the blood sugar levels are. Normally, at the begining of insulin use, we recommend checking the blood sugar 4 times a day -- before each meal and before bed. Once a stable regimen is found -- people may be able to decrease how often they check. Many school have nurses able to help with monitoring. In addition, it is a relatively simple process that you and your child can learn. Talk to your doctor for more information.

This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

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