It sounds like you are quite a complicated patient. Looking through your past medical history and current symptoms, your case deserves careful attention from your doctors in order to accurately answer these questions. I do think that I can help you sort some of these things out.
First it is not clear to me whether your renal cyst, the redundant ureter, the aneurysm, aortic valve, blood clotting disorder, and PCOS are related. What I can say is that simple renal cysts are commonly observed in normal kidneys. Most of the time they are benign, do not have symptoms that are noticeable by the person that has them, and they rarely require treatment of any kind. This is not true for polycystic kidney's which can cause kidney failure (perhaps this is what your dad has?). Thus, the abdominal pain and distension and frequent urination are not likely to be caused by the kidney cyst.
I suggest that specifically for the renal cyst that you schedule an appointment with a nephrologist
. This is a medical doctor
that has specialized in the kidneys. A urologist
specializes in the bladder, urethra, and ureters which carry urine outside of the body. You may end up needing to see both types of doctors in the future. A urologist will be able to help you with your frequent urination.