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What are the things I see floating in front of my eyes?

There are floating things in front of my eyes that move when I move my eyes. I see them especially well in the sunlight. Is this a health problem I should be worried about? How can I make them go away? They really bother me a lot. 31 year old male.
What you are seeing in front of your eyes are something called 'floaters.' Floaters are probably the most common eye condition and, usually, they are not a sign of a serious eye problem. Your eye is full of a thick liquid called vitreous. This liquid contains multiple proteins and, over time, small bits of these proteins 'coagulate.' This is a normal age-related process, and the number of coagulated bits of protein tends to increase over time. Since these coagulated proteins are not transparent to light, they cast shadows on the retina, which you perceive as moving floating spots in front of the vision. They move because they are, in fact, floating in the vitreous under the influence of gravity. There is no effective treatment for floaters. Protecting your eyes from strong sunlight, by wearing sunglasses when outdoors, may help slow down their development. At the same time, however, as they are a basically normal phenomenon that everyone has to one degree or another you don't need to worry that they mean there is something wrong with your eyes. You should mention them to your eye doctor when you go in for your yearly eye checkup. However, typically nothing is done about them unless they are so severe that they are impairing vision.
This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Medical professionals who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under ZocDoc’s Terms of Service.
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