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Do glands only swell when you have a throat problem?

The glands in my neck, the two on the sides are kind of swollen right now. I don't have a sore throat or feel sick at all. Would these glands swell for a different reason? Do they only swell when you have a throat problem?
There are several structures in the neck that can swell, as you are describing. The most likely scenario is that you have enlarged lymph nodes, although it is also possible that you could be feeling enlarged salivary glands. In any event, there are many different things that can cause enlarged lymph nodes (or salivary glands), and you are correct in thinking that one of the most common things is a bacterial infection such as strep throat. However, even in the absence of symptoms of an upper respiratory bacterial infection in the sinuses, ears, mouth, or throat, it is still possible for an infection caused by a virus to lead to swollen lymph nodes (ranging from the common cold virus to more serious infections such as HIV). Other inflammatory diseases can cause swollen lymph nodes. In addition, cancers of blood cells (leukemia and lymphoma) can also present with swollen lymph nodes. The best thing to do as a patient is to see your primary care doctor right away. Swollen lymph nodes can represent a minor health issue that will go away without treatment, or they can be the presenting symptoms of something much more serious that should be addressed right away. Your doctor can take a thorough history and do a complete physical exam to help determine the next steps in diagnosing or treating any underlying issues.
This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Medical professionals who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Zocdoc’s Terms of Service.

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