New York ENT
ENT is the field of medicine that focuses on disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and associated parts of the head and neck. According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, it is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. A physician who is trained in the medical and surgical treatment of these conditions is known as an ‘Otolaryngologist’ or an ENT physician. They go through an additional five years of residency training after obtaining their ‘MD’ or ‘DO’ degrees. They may also pursue a one or two-year fellowship to gain expertise in any of the otolaryngology-subspecialty areas.
Along with treating head and neck conditions, ENT physicians also perform facial cosmetic surgery. Otolaryngology in itself covers many diverse conditions including head and neck cancer, problems of the larynx and sinus, hearing loss, dizziness, voice-related problems and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. Common signs and symptoms such as lumps in the neck, swallowing problems, sinus headache, nose bleeds and loss of hearing can be indicators of an ENT condition.
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What can an ENT doctor treat?
While general Otolaryngologists can treat a vast range of conditions affecting the head and neck, there are 7 subspecialties of Otolaryngology, that focus on specific areas of need -
- Rhinologists specialize in conditions of the nose and sinuses such as deviated septum and sinusitis.
- Head and Neck/ Thyroid doctors specialize in conditions and cancer of the head and neck.
- Otologists specialize in conditions related to the ears like hearing loss and problems with balance.
- Allergists specialize in the treatment of sensitivities affecting the ear, nose and throat.
- Reconstructive surgery helps restore the appearance of the face if it is disfigured by birth defects, medical conditions or facial trauma.
Most of the head and neck conditions can be treated with early diagnosis and a suitable treatment plan. In some cases, you may need surgery if other non-invasive treatments fail to treat your condition. ENT surgeons are trained to perform a variety of surgical procedures such as tracheostomy, tonsillectomy, septoplasty, oesophagoscopy, endoscopic sinus surgery, and so on.
To learn more about the procedures, read this article.
Sources: ENThealth, American College of Surgeons, National Healthcare System
The content herein is provided for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Medical information changes constantly, and therefore the content on this website should not be assumed to be current, complete or exhaustive. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. If you think you may have a medical emergency, please call your doctor or 9-1-1 (in the United States) immediately.